If you want to install asphalt shingle on your roof , the your are in good company . Asphalt shingles, are the roofing of choice for nearly four out of five homeowners in America . They perform well in all types of climate , are available in a multitude of colors, shapes, and textures to complement every housing design , and are less expensive than most other roofing.
Asphalt Shingles are available as either fiberglass shingles or organic shingles . Both types are made with asphalt, the difference being that one uses a fiberglass reinforcing mat, while the other uses a celluloses-fiber mat. Fiberglass shingles are lighter , thinner , and have higher tear strength , are more often in northern regions. Although the roofing market has exploded with innovative new asphalt shingle designs, such as innovative new asphalt shingle design designs, such as the architectural or laminated shingle that offers a three dimensional look , the standard three tab.
Stagger shingles for efective protection against leaks . If the the tab slots are lined in successive rows, water form channels, increasing erosion of the mineral surface of the shingles . Creating 6 inches off set between rows of shingles with the three tab shingles shown above ensures that the slots do not align.
Aviation snips , Carpenter s square, Chalk line, Roofers hatchet , utility knife , Straight edge , Tape measure , Chalk gun , flashing, Nailing cartridges, roofing cement, roofing nails, 7/8 or 1 1/4. Rubber gasket nails , Protective equipment .
Cover the roof with felt paper after stripping down to plywood. and drip edge. Snap chalk line onto the felt paper or ice guard up from thieves edge, to mark the alignment of the starter course . This will result in a 1/2 inch shingle overhang fro standard 12 inch shingles .
Apply the first full course with the tabs pointing down . Begin at the first shingles so it overhangs the rake edge by 3/8 and the eaves edge by 1/2. Make sure the top of each shingle is flush with the top of the starter course, following the chalk line. Trim the edge line .
Snap the chalk line from the eaves edge to the ridge to create a vertical line to again the shingles. Choose an area with no obstructions, as close though a slot or a shingle edge on the first full shingle course. Use a carpenter s square to establish a line perpendicular to the eaves edge.
Use the vertical edge line . Check the alignment , Fill in the shingles , when reach the obstruction snap another vertical reference as a guide , Shingle upward the eaves and train off the excess. Install shingles on adjoining roof decks . Trim off shingle material valley flashing using utility knife . Install shingles up the vent pipe and glue with a double bead cement along the bottom edge the flange.
Shingle to flashing to chimney , Pry out the lowest course of siding tuck flashing under the siding , Install step flashing and shingles go down . When reach the ridge cut the shingle like home plate – pentagon . Also install the ridge if needs to all new homes have ridges .